This quotation still robs me of my last nerve… That’s how many thesis writers think. Quoting seems to be THE biggest problem when writing a bachelor’s or master’s thesis. Courses for scientific work spend more than half the time with rules for correct citation. Nevertheless, while writing, you will certainly ask yourself the question: How do I quote this source?
You can save yourself eighty percent of all worries with the following simple tips. Good luck with your Bachelor’s or Master’s thesis!
Quote Tip 1: Add all matching sources to source list IMMEDIATELY!
Before writing a chapter, all your suitable sources must be listed in the source list. This refers to metadata such as: (Meffert, H. (2013)). Marketing management: Analysis strategy implementation. Springer-Verlag.). There are standards for this metadata. You should observe these standards and save a lot of time and nerves. A simple trick is to take the source data from Google Scholar.
In itself, there are only three basic types of sources: Books, articles (studies or papers) and the rest. Actually, the rest should not appear in a scientific work at all. But often you also need such other sources, which of course are mostly found on the Internet. When working with online sources, you have to be careful.
Quote Tip 2: Inform yourself at the beginning about the quoting guidelines!
The university’s guidelines for quoting are law for you. You will ALWAYS adhere to them. So ask for it, in the examination office best. Then enter the source data consistently into the source list and coordinate them with the specifications. Some sources can be indicated and entered without problems. Then there are problematic sources. In such cases, you should usually think twice before asking your supervisor. As a rule, these are not sources worth quoting. For example, you should not quote old theses. But you can learn a lot from them.
Quote tip 3: Make sure there are enough sources worth quoting!
You should quote only scientific sources like books and studies. That would be best. But for many topics there are still a lot of sources on the Internet, such as announcements by ministries, legal texts or evaluations of all kinds. However, if the author or publisher is unknown, you cannot use this source. Find another source or rephrase the passage. A very simple solution is to find many suitable sources for the topic already at the beginning. This works with the right search terms. Then also your red thread becomes visible.
Quote Tip 4: Insert XXXX at incomplete locations!
Some time ago there was a scandal. A doctoral student in chemistry had submitted her dissertation. In a footer, there was a remaining note from the supervisor. In it he suggested that she should come up with something at this point (make up something). This thinking up or make something up could of course be misunderstood as simply inventing something. He meant however the representation of a certain connection by means of visual elements… Apparently she overlooked the place at the end. Anyway, it went through all the forums…
At the end of your Bachelor’s or Master’s dissertation you will certainly be in time trouble. Then you might miss out on problems… But not with our trick: whenever a source reference is not yet complete, insert an XXXX. So you can quickly find this place again and work through all these places at once. These are good No-Brainer for in between, to relax. Then you won’t forget them when you finish them. With XXXX such a scandal will not happen to you anyway.
Quote Tip 5: Never quote a source from another source!
You get into this embarrassment with your bachelor’s or master’s thesis mostly when you use old works. There are so many nice quotations in it…. Of course the procurement of this old source, from which one quotes, is very difficult in a short time. That makes work. But the bad impression of one “quotes after” (and then follows a small study work as a reference…) destroys your otherwise so good work again. This quotation from another arbitrary source shows above all that you had no desire to get this other source. At some point it will be possible to read EVERYTHING digitally. But until then, you have to avoid these so-called secondary quotations. So either find this source or a replacement or write something else with another source.
Have fun and good luck writing your Bachelor’s or Master’s thesis.
wünschen Dir Silvio Gerlach und das Team Aristolo